Saturday, December 25, 2021

Painting Luftwaffe Helmets

From shiney helmets into a Matt finish: nice photo showing a Luftwaffe flak unit (circa 1940/41) painting their helmets to come in line with the 1940 order on helmet paint and decals. The sprayers is wearing HBT reed green Luftwaffe worksuits. It is also a very good photo depicting depot repaints of helmets.

Source :

Sunday, December 19, 2021

German Soldiers in Rumania

German soldiers in Rumania, 1944. Maschinengewehr 15 (MG 15) and Panzerfaust 30 in sight.

Source :
ECPAD archives (DAT 3222 L10)

Monday, December 6, 2021

Bio of Generalmajor (Luftwaffe) Otto Zech (1886-1965)

Generalmajor Otto Zech
Born: 21 Oct 1886 in Suckowshof, Pomerania (Pommern)
Died: 07 May 1965 in Murnau, Bavaria (Bayern)

Charakter als Fähnrich (14 Mar 1905); Fähnrich (18 Oct 1905); Leutnant (18 Aug 1906); Oberleutnant (02 Dec 1914); Hauptmann (22 Mar 1916); Major (01 Jan 1935); Oberstleutnant (01 Jan 1938); Oberst (01 Sep 1940); Generalmajor (01 Mar 1944)

Entered the Army (14 Mar 1905)
Company-Officer in the 31st Infantry-Regiment (14 Mar 1905-30 Sep 1913)
Pilot-Training (01 Oct 1913-01 Aug 1914)
Pilot with the 9th Field-Flying-Battalion (02 Aug 1914-09 Feb 1915)
Detached to Army Flight Park 6 (10 Feb 1915-14 Dec 1915)
Pilot in Combat-Wing 4 of the OHL (15 Dec 1915-14 Oct 1917)
Leader of Army Flight Park 1 (15 Oct 1917-09 Nov 1918)
Demobilisation with the 31st Infantry-Regiment (10 Oct 1918-31 Dec 1918)
Leader of the Volunteer-Squadron of the 8th Hussar-Regiment (01 Jan 1919-15 Jan 1919)
Demobilisation with the 31st Infantry-Regiment (16 Jan 1919-13 Feb 1919)
Company-Leader with Volunteer Landes-Jäger-Corps Maerker (14 Feb 1919-30 Sep 1920)
Retired (30 Sep 1920)
Entered the Luftwaffe as a Supplemental-Officer (28 Aug 1934); Active-Officer (01 Jul 1941)
Commander of Flying-Group (P) in Seerappen (28 Aug 1934-31 Mar 1938)
Commander of Air-Park Stendal (01 Apr 1938-31 Dec 1938)
Commander of Air-Equipment-Office Göttingen (01 Jan 1939-30 Nov 1939)
Quartermaster with Air-Region-Command I (01 Dec 1939-31 May 1940)
Commander of Air-Equipment-Group West France (01 Jun 1940-31 Mar 1941)
Commander of Air-Equipment-Group 17 (01 Apr 1941-09 Jun 1941)
Commander of Field-Air-Equipment-Group Romania (10 Jun 1941-25 Dec 1941)
Commander of Field-Air-Equipment-Group Italy (26 Dec 1941-31 Oct 1943)
Commander of Air-Equipment-Group 1 (01 Nov 1943-07 Mar 1944)
Commander of Air-Region-Troop I, Königsberg and Danzig (08 Mar 1944-30 Nov 1944)
To Disposal of the Flying-Replacement-Division, Braunschweig (01 Dec 1944-28 Feb 1945)
Retired (28 Feb 1945)

Decorations & Awards:
1914 Eisernes Kreuz II.Klasse
1914 Eisernes Kreuz I.Klasse
Königlichen Preußischen Flugzeugführerabzeichen
Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer 1914/1918
Kriegsverdienstkreuz II.Klasse mit Schwertern
Kriegsverdienstkreuz I.Klasse mit Schwertern

Source :

Sunday, October 31, 2021

German Soldiers Enjoying Music through Gramophone

Similar to the scene in the movie "Saving Private Ryan", this photo - which was taken by Kriegsberichter Geller from PK (Propaganda-Kompanie) 694 - shows German soldiers from the panzer and infantry units enjoying the music from a gramophone, amidst the ruins of war-damaged buildings on the Eastern Front. There is no exact information which unit they came from, but most likely they were part of 1. Panzerarmee / Heeresgruppe A whom are celebrating the fall of Rostov to the Germans on July 23, 1942. Obviously this photo was not taken in Stalingrad as some sources claim. - including Bundesarchiv - because in July the German troops had not yet arrived in the "City of Hell".

Source :
Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-218-0524-32

Saturday, October 30, 2021

Fremde Heere Ost Group Photo

This photo was taken in 1943 and shows members of the Abteilung Fremde Heere Ost in a "gruppenbild" (group photo) session at their headquarters in Angerburg, Mauerwald, which is part of the German Army Command Headquarters complex (OKH-Stabsquartier). For the identification is, sitting from left to right: Major Dr. Hellmut Nauck (Wirtschaftssachbearbeiter Gruppe II), Oberstleutnant Hübner (Leiter Gruppe V), Oberstleutnant z.V. Riedl, Oberst i.G. Reinhard Gehlen (Abteilungschef), Oberstleutnant Karl Ogilvie (Sachbearbeiter Lage Skandinavien), Oberstleutnant i.G. Johannes Hoheisel (Leiter Gruppe II), and Major i.G. Höfer (Sachbearbeiter Lage Mitte, Gruppe I). Second row FLTR: Hauptmann Georg Viktor von der Marwitz (Kommandant des Stabsquartiers), Major i.G. Wilhelm Kuebart, Major i.G. Gerhard Wessel (Leiter Gruppe I), Major i.G. Karl-Heinz Graf von Rittberg (Sachbearbeiter Personallage, Gruppe II), Major i.G. Rudolf Grüner (Sachbearbeiter Lage A, Gruppe I), Oberleutnant Günther Letschert (Kartei-Referent), Ministerialregistrator Rudolf Bahlk, Oberleutnant Adolf Eiseler (Mitarbeiter Gruppe I), unknown, and Technische Oberinspektor Johannes Wagner. Third row FLTR: Leutnant Peter von Vaernewyk (Gehilfe des Kommandanten Stabsquartier), Oberleutnant Jürgen Remé (Mitarbeiter Gruppe II), Oberzahlmeister Albert Wiesemann (Mitarbeiter Kartei-Referat), Hauptmann Körnchen (Verwaltungsaufgaben), unknown, Hauptmann Otto Schiller (Mitarbeiter Gruppe I), Oberleutnant Dr.jur. Dipl.-Kfm. dipl.cons. Max Ritter von Bitterl-Tessenberg (Mitarbeiter Gruppe II), and Oberleutnant d.R. Walter Schüle (Mitarbeiter Gruppe I). Last row FLTR: Oberleutnant Buchholz (Mitarbeiter Gruppe III), Oberleutnant Hellmut von Hagens (Mitarbeiter Gruppe I), Oberleutnant Hermann Förster (Mitarbeiter Gruppe I), unknown, Sonderführer Emmanuel Haller (Mitarbeiter Gruppe II), Major Friedrich-Wilhelm von Leutsch (Sachbearbeiter Lage Nord, Gruppe I), Hauptmann Kurt Göllnitz (Mitarbeiter Gruppe II), unknown, unknown, and Kriegstechniker Dr.jur. Jacobus Reimers. Fremde Heere Ost (Foreign Armies East) itself is an intelligence organization formed by the German Army whose task is to analyze foreign military forces on the Eastern Front, especially the Soviet Union. When World War II ended, Abteilungschef Gehlen and his men were used by the CIA to continue their work in spying on Soviet Communists through a "new but old" unit called the Gehlen Organization. This unit later became the forerunner of the Bundesnachrichtendienst, a West German intelligence unit in the Cold War era.

Source :
Der Spiegel 1971
Bundesarchiv B 206 Bild-GN13-08-01

Wednesday, October 27, 2021

General Eugen Weissmann during Military Parade in France

 ECPAD Archives (LFT3 F3109 L26)

Generalleutnant Dr.phil Eugen Weissmann as Kommandierender General und Befehlshaber im Luftgau-Kommando Westfrankreich (15 August 1940 - 30 June 1944), during the Luftwaffe military parade in the period between 1 December 1940 (his promotion to Generalleutnant) and 1 June 1942 (his promotion to General der Flakartillerie). The Luftgau-Kommando Westfrankreich was formed in June 1940 in Etampes, near Paris, from Luftgaustav z.b.V. 12.. From 6 September 1944 it moved to Stuttgart and was redesignated as Luftgau-Kommando V. It is subordinated to Luftflotte 3 (Generalfeldmarschall Hugo Sperrle).

ECPAD Archives (LFT3 F3109 L27)

ECPAD Archives (LFT3 F3109 L25)

ECPAD Archives (LFT3 F3109 L23)

ECPAD Archives (LFT3 F3109 L21)

Source :
ECPAD Archives

Wednesday, October 20, 2021

Luftwaffe Figures in Full Body

FLTR: Night fighter ace Helmut Lent and Zerstörer ace Egon Albrecht



Oberleutnant Georg Sattler (14 April 1917 - 30 August 1944)

General der Flieger Otto Hoffmann von Waldau (7 Juli 1898 - 17 Mei 1943)



General der Flakartillerie Dr.phil. Eugen Weissmann (19 November 1892 - 26 November 1951)

Source :
ECPAD Archives (LFT3 F3109 L27)

Saturday, September 25, 2021

River Crossing Training

Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 137, April 1940: A river crossing with dinghies is practiced on the Moselle near Treis. They were scheduled to fight against France, but then had to go to Norway. The picture was taken by the member of 6.Kompanie, Rudi Margreiter.

Source :

Thursday, September 23, 2021

Paul Dickopf as a Soldier of the Wehrmacht

Paul Dickopf as a soldier of the Wehrmacht in June 1935. The picture was taken by Wilhelm Doff.

Paul (Paulinus) Dickopf (June 9, 1910 – September 19, 1973) was a member of the NSDAP and SS in the Security Service (SD) and a secret agent in Switzerland, who became a member of the German Federal Criminal Police Office (BKA). Between 1965 and 1971, he was the 4th president of the BKA and a paid "unilateral agent" of the CIA.

Under the Nazi government of Adolf Hitler, he was a member of the Sturmabteilung and the Schutzstaffel. Dickopf, before and during World War II had been an active Nazi officer in the Schutzstaffel (SS) with SS number 337259. Dickopf's SS personnel file reveals that he became a member in 1935 of the National Socialist German Students' League (Nationalsozialistischer Deutscher Studentenbund; abbreviated NSDStB) having the same status and membership requirements of the official Nazi Party, the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP).

After voluntary army service (1934-1935) he began his police career in 1937 at the Kriminal-Polizei ('Kripo'- Criminal Police) as a criminal commissar candidate serving the last three months in the Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS. In 1938 he volunteered for the Führerschule (leadership school) of 'Sipo' (Sicherheits-Polizei - Security Police). Fifteen SS officers of the rank of lieutenant upwards sponsored him. Dickopf was recommended for officer rank by the commandant of the SD school and graduated as an SS Untersturmführer (Lieutenant) became a criminal commissar and member of the SD. Dickopf later enrolled in the general SS in 1939, however, any record of his war activities are obscure since his SS file for that period is incomplete.

Dickopf was elected as the president of Interpol in 1968. While his former Nazi connections were known, he maintained his post until 1972.

Throughout his tenure as president of Interpol he was regarded as a conscientious and diligent professional, always stressing the organization's political neutrality. He was praised for his work by Hans-Dietrich Genscher as a "role model for the German police".

Dickopf died from a brief but fatal illness on September 19, 1973 in Bonn, Germany.

On June 25, 2012, the "Paul-Dickopf-Straße", a street in Meckenheim, seat of the BKA, bearing Dickopf's name as a remembrance for his presidency of the BKA, was renamed "Gerhard-Boeden-Straße" as a symbolic act following the revelations about Dickopf's masterminding the recruiting of former Nazi officials into the BKA.

After his death it was revealed that Dickopf had made the Federal Criminal Police a safe haven for former Nazi and SS officials, a large number of them war criminals. Under his leadership some concepts of National Socialism were still upheld and practised, for example in the way members of Sinti and Roma were treated.

According to documents in the National Archives in Washington, which were released in 2007, the CIA made payments to Dickopf from 1965 to 1971, while he was president of the BKA. He is categorized in the files as a "unilateral agent". One note about Dickopf by the then head of the CIA says: '"Our relationship with Mr Dickopf is mainly of a secret nature, the official contacts being used as a cover up for meetings". Dickopf passed on to the CIA information on leading officials as well as on internal affairs of the BKA and other authorities.


Source :

Wednesday, September 22, 2021

Bio of Generalmajor Fritz Salitter (1882-1963)

Fritz Salitter (19 April 1882 - 6 May 1963) joined the Royal Prussian Army on November 12, 1897. The son of a postman, he went to Unteroffiziersvorschule Bartenstein. On October 17, 1899, he was transferred to the Unteroffiziersvorschule in Potsdam. On October 1, 1901, he was transferred to the 4th Baden Field Artillery Regiment No. 66. On June 1, 1906, he was appointed a fireworker. On November 1, 1907, he was promoted to Zeugfeldwebel. On March 31, 1913, he retired from the army. He went to the police in Wiesbaden after this. From October 1, 1914 to November 22, 1918, he took part in the First World War. On June 1, 1915, he was promoted to Zeugleutnant. In 1915 he was awarded the Iron Cross 2nd Class. On April 1, 1921, he was transferred as a police major with the seniority of July 26, 1905 to the Erfurt Security Police. In 1933 he was appointed commander of the Wahn shooting range near Cologne. On October 1, 1933, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel in the police force. On April 1, 1936, he was promoted to police colonel. On the same day he was accepted into the army as a colonel. His seniority was set on the same day. He was assigned to the Artillery Regiment 16. But he continued to serve as the commander of the Wahn exercise area. Later, his place was also referred to as the Wahn military training area. Even at the beginning of World War II in the summer of 1939 he kept his command. On April 1, 1940, he was given the character of major general. In the summer of 1940 he gave his command to Colonel Max Ber. On August 1, 1940, he was then appointed commander of the southern military training area. As such, he was promoted to major general on April 1, 1941. On March 20, 1943, he married Anne Eichler for the second time. On May 5, 1943, he was appointed commander of the field command 768 (FK 768). With this he was used in the southern section of the eastern front. On November 15, 1943, he gave up his command. He was then transferred to the Führerreserve. He already wore both classes of the War Merit Cross with swords. On April 30, 1944, he was retired from active service in the Wehrmacht.

Source :

Tuesday, September 7, 2021

Trip to the Zoo

German Heer soldier visiting zoo with his woman. He may have soon learned that camels spit - but what man among us wouldn’t do almost anything to impress such a a lovely and well-dressed Fräulein!

Source :

Sunday, September 5, 2021

Reichswehr Sport Festival

Sports festival of the German Reichswehr at Berlin-Moabit Kaserne (barrack), 1934. Soldier with baggage during an exercise on the horizontal bar. The picture was taken by Georg Pahl.

Source :
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-04255

Friday, September 3, 2021

Bio of Generalleutnant René de l'Homme de Courbière

Generalleutnant René de l'Homme de Courbière

Born: 24 Jan 1887 in Sanskow, District Stolp, Pomerania (Pommern)
Died: 07 May 1946 in Wildeshausen, Oldenburg

Fähnrich (18 Nov 1904); Leutnant (18 Jun 1905); Oberleutnant (05 Jun 1914); Hauptmann (16 Jun 1915); Major (01 Apr 1928); Oberstleutnant (01 Feb 1933); Oberst (01 Mar 1935); Generalmajor (01 Apr 1938); Generalleutnant (01 Jun 1940)

Entered Army Service (14 Apr 1904)
Fahnenjunker in the 9th Grenadier-Regiment (14 Apr 1904-10 Dec 1915)
Detached to MG-Training-Course (01 Jan 1913-31 Mar 1913)
Company-Leader with the Infantry Replacement Troops in Warsaw (10 Dec 1915-27 Mar 1916)
Company-Leader with the MG-Instruction-Course in Döberitz (27 Mar 1916-24 Oct 1916)
Hauptmann with the Staff of the 9th Grenadier-Regiment (24 Oct 1916-31 Jul 1917)
Staff-Officer with the Staff of the 9th Grenadier-Regiment (31 Jul 1917-14 Jan 1919)
Company-Leader in the 9th Grenadier-Regiment (14 Jan 1919-01 Oct 1919)
Transferred into the 3rd Reichswehr-Infantry-Regiment (01 Oct 1919-01 Oct 1920)
Company-Chief in the 4th Infantry-Regiment (01 Oct 1920-01 Jun 1926)
Hauptmann with the Staff of I. Battalion of the 4th Infantry-Regiment (01 Jun 1926-01 Apr 1927)
Transferred to the Staff of the 2nd Division (01 Apr 1927-01 May 1927)
Transferred to the Staff of the Training-Battalion of the 4th Infantry-Regiment (01 May 1927-01 May 1928)
Company-Chief in the 4th Infantry-Regiment (01 May 1928-01 Oct 1928)
Transferred to the Staff of the 4th Infantry-Regiment (01 Oct 1928-01 Mar 1929)
Transferred to the Staff of the 2nd Division (01 Mar 1929-04 Mar 1932)
Detached to Course for Infantry Arms (28 May 1929-21 Jun 1929)
Commander of the Training-Battalion of the 5th Infantry-Regiment (04 Mar 1932-01 Oct 1934)
Transferred to the Staff of Artillery-Leader I (01 Oct 1934-15 Oct 1935)
Transferred to the Staff of the 1st Division (15 Oct 1935-06 Oct 1936)
Commander of the 96th Infantry-Regiment (06 Oct 1936-10 Nov 1938)
Landwehr-Commander Glogau (10 Nov 1938-26 Aug 1939)
Commander of the 213th Infantry-Division (26 Aug 1939-15 Mar 1940)
Commander of the 213th Security-Division (15 Mar 1940-12 Aug 1942)
Commander of the 153rd Field-Training-Division (15 Jan 1943-08 Jun 1943)
Führer-Reserve OKH (08 Jun 1943-08 Sep 1943)
Delegated with the Temporary Leadership of Division 432 (08 Sep 1943-15 Oct 1943)
Führer-Reserve OKH (15 Oct 1943-01 Nov 1943)
Commander of Landesschützen-Division 410 (01 Nov 1943-20 Dec 1943)
Führer-Reserve OKH (20 Dec 1943-10 Jan 1944)
Commander of the 338th Infantry-Division (10 Jan 1944-18 Sep 1944)
Führer-Reserve OKH (18 Sep 1944-19 Jan 1945)
Commander of the Catch-Staff in Military-District VIII (19 Jan 1945-05 Mar 1945)
Commander of the Catch-Staff with Army High Command 4 (05 Mar 1945-29 Mar 1945)
Taken ill, in Hospital (29 Mar 1945-00 Jan 1946)
In Captivity (00 Jan 1946-24 Feb 1946)
Released (24 Feb 1946)

Awards & Decorations:
- Deutsches Kreuz in Gold: am 23.11.1944 als Generalleutnant und Kommandeur der 338. Infanterie-Division
- 1914 EK I
- 1914 EK II
- Kgl. Bayer. Militär-Verdienstorden IV. Klasse mit Schwertern
- Hamburgisches Hanseatenkreuz
- Fürstl. Lippisches Kriegsverdienstkreuz
- Verwundetenabzeichen, 1918 in Schwarz
- Ehrenritter des Kgl. Preuss. Johanniter-Orden
- Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer
- Wehrmacht-Dienstauszeichnung IV. bis I. Klasse
- Spange zum EK II
- Spange zum EK I

Source :
Bundesarchiv B 206 Bild-GD-07


Sunday, August 29, 2021

Bio of General der Infanterie Helge Auleb

General der Infanterie Helge Arthur Auleb
Born: 24 Mar 1887 in Gehren, Thuringia (Thüringen)
Died: 14 Apr 1964 in Düsseldorf

Fahnenjunker-Unterofizier (02 Jul 1907); Fähnrich (18 Oct 1907); Leutnant (18 Aug 1908); Oberleutnant (28 Nov 1914); Hauptmann (18 Apr 1916); Major (01 Feb 1929); Oberstleutnant (01 Jul 1933); Oberst (01 Jun 1935); Generalmajor (01 Feb 1939); Generalleutnant (01 Dec 1940); General der Infanterie (01 Dec 1943)

Entered Army Service (01 Mar 1907)
Fahnenjunker in the 177th Infantry Regiment (01 Mar 1907-18 Aug 1908)
Company-Officer in the 2nd Company of the 117th Infantry-Regiment (18 Aug 1908-00 Jun 1913)
Detached to the Gun Factory in Spandau (00 Jun 1913-00 Jul 1913)
Company-Officer in the 2nd Company of the 117th Infantry-Regiment (00 Jul 1913-01 Oct 1913)
Platoon-Leader in the MG-Company of the 117th Infantry-Regiment (01 Oct 1913-02 Aug 1914)
With the MG-Company of the 117th Infantry-Regiment in the Field (02 Aug 1914-22 Aug 1914)
Company-Commander of the MG-Company of the 117th Infantry-Regiment (22 Aug 1914-02 Nov 1916)
At the same time, Commander of II. Battalion of the 117th Infantry-Regiment (19 May 1916-28 May 1916)
At the same time, Commander of I. Battalion of the 117th Infantry-Regiment (15 Sep 1916-23 Sep 1919)
Taken ill – Transferred to the Replacement-Battalion of the 117th Infantry-Regiment (02 Nov 1916-11 Dec 1916)
MG-Officer with the Regiment-Staff of the 117th Infantry-Regiment (11 Dec 1916-20 Dec 1916)
Acting-Commander of II. Battalion of the 117th Infantry-Regiment (20 Dec 1916-06 Jan 1917)
Again, MG-Officer with the Regiment-Staff of the 117th Infantry-Regiment (06 Jan 1917-05 Feb 1917)
At the same time, Acting-Commander of I. Battalion of the 116th Infantry-Regiment (15 Jan 1917-20 Jan 1917)
Detached to the Staff of the 25th Infantry-Division (05 Feb 1917-25 Feb 1917)
Detached to the Staff of Group P (25 Feb 1917-06 May 1917)
At the same time, Acting-Commander of II. Battalion of the 116th Infantry-Regiment (10 Apr 1917-22 Apr 1917)
Detached to the Staff of the 255th Infantry-Division (06 May 1917-18 Sep 1917)
Transferred to the General-Staff of the Replacement VII. Army-Corps (18 Sep 1917-21 Mar 1918)
Detached to General Staff Course in Sedan (08 Feb 1918-06 Mar 1918)
Transferred to the General-Staff of the General-Command of the VII. Army-Corps (21 Mar 1918-03 Jul 1918)
Transferred to the General-Staff of the 4th Cavalry-Division (03 Jul 1918-21 Dec 1918)
Transferred back to the 117th Infantry-Regiment (21 Dec 1918-05 Jan 1919)
Company-Commander in the Hessian Freikorps (05 Jan 1919-01 May 1919)
Transferred to the General-Staff of the VII. Army-Corps (01 May 1919-01 Jul 1919)
Transferred to the General-Staff of Infantry-Commander 18 (01 Jul 1919-01 Oct 1919)
Transferred to the Staff of the 11th Reichswehr-Brigade (01 Oct 1919-15 Apr 1920)
Company-Commander in the 36th Reichswehr-Infantry-Regiment (15 Apr 1920-01 Jun 1920)
Company-Commander in the 22nd Reichswehr-Rifle-Regiment (01 Jun 1920-01 Jan 1921)
Company-Chief in the 15th Infantry-Regiment (01 Jan 1921-12 Aug 1921)
Detached to the MG-Training-Course in Münsingen (12 Aug 1921-04 Nov 1921)
Company-Chief in the 15th Infantry-Regiment (04 Nov 1921-01 Feb 1922)
MG-Officer with Regiment-Staff of the 15th Infantry-Regiment (01 Feb 1922-01 Oct 1922)
Company-Chief in the 15th Infantry-Regiment (01 Oct 1922-01 Oct 1923)
Transferred into the Regiment-Staff of the 15th Infantry-Regiment (01 Oct 1923-01 Feb 1924)
Transferred to the Staff of the 3rd Cavalry-Division (01 Feb 1924-01 Oct 1927)
Transferred to the Staff of Infantry-Commander I (01 Oct 1927-01 Oct 1930)
Transferred to the Staff of the 1st Division (01 Oct 1930-01 Oct 1932)
Detached to Firing Course A for Staff-Officers of the Infantry in Döberitz (06 Oct 1931-23 Oct 1931)
Transferred to Command-Office Königsberg (01 Oct 1932-01 Oct 1933)
Transferred to the Military-Region-Command Lübeck (01 Oct 1933-01 Oct 1934)
Detached to the RWM (19 Jan 1934-27 Jan 1934)
Transferred to the Staff of the Reichswehr-Service-Office Hamburg (01 Oct 1934-15 May 1935)
Chief of Staff of Military-District-Command X (15 May 1935-15 Oct 1935)
Chief of the General Staff of X. Army-Corps (15 Oct 1935-15 Jul 1935)
Commander of the 77th Infantry-Regiment (15 Jul 1935-06 Oct 1936)
Commander of the 39th Infantry-Regiment (06 Oct 1936-26 Aug 1939)
Senior-Quartermaster of the 5th Army (26 Aug 1939-13 Oct 1939)
Senior-Quartermaster of the 2nd Army (13 Oct 1939-01 Nov 1939)
Senior-Quartermaster of Army-Group A (01 Nov 1939-15 Jun 1940)
Chief of the Command-Staff of the Military-Commander North France (15 Jun 1940-01 Jul 1940)
Chief of the Command-Staff of the Chief of the Military-Administration France (01 Jul 1940-25 Jul 1940)
Commander of the 72nd Infantry-Division (25 Jul 1940-05 Sep 1940)
Führer-Reserve OKH (05 Sep 1940-19 Sep 1940)
Designated with the Leadership of the 290th Infantry-Division (19 Sep 1940-14 Oct 1940)
Commander of the 6th Infantry-Division (14 Oct 1940-22 Jan 1942)
Führer-Reserve OKH (22 Jan 1942-10 Jun 1942)
General with Special Duties for the Army-Patrol-Service in Coastal-Staff Asov (10 Jun 1942-24 Jul 1942)
General with Special Duties for the Army-Patrol-Service with Army Group A (24 Jul 1942-20 Dec 1942)
Commander of Group Auleb (Caucasus) (20 Dec 1942-01 Feb 1943)
Commander of Section-Command Auleb (Crimea) (01 Feb 1943-27 Apr 1943)
Acting-Commander on the Crimea (27 Apr 1943-26 Jul 1943)
Delegated with the Leadership of XXXXIX. Mountain-Corps (26 Jul 1943-15 Aug 1943)
Führer-Reserve – Army-Group A (15 Aug 1943-17 Sep 1943)
Commanding General of Security-Troops and Commander of Army-Group-Area A (17 Sep 1943-18 Dec 1943)
Commander of German Troops in Transnistria (18 Dec 1943-01 Apr 1944)
Commander of German Troops in North Rumania (01 Apr1944-25 Jun 1944)
Commanding General of the LXIX. Special-Purpose-Army-Corps (24 Jun 1944-08 May 1945)
In British, later US captivity (08 May 1945-30 Sep 1947)
Released (30 Sep 1947)

Decorations & Awards:
- Deutsches Kreuz in Gold: am 26.12.1941 als Generalleutnant und Kommandeur der 6. Infanterie-Division
- 1914 EK I K
- 1914 EK II K
- Grossherzoglich Hessische Tapferkeitsmedaille
- Schwarzburgisches Ehrenkreuz III. Klasse mit Schwertern
- Fürstl. Lippisches Kriegsverdienstkreuz
- Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer
- Wehrmacht-Dienstauszeichnung IV. bis I. Klasse
- Spange zum EK I
- Spange zum EK II

Source :
Bill T. photo collection

Saturday, August 28, 2021

SS Figures in Full Body


SS-Sturmbannführer Hans Pavelka (30 March 1914 - 16 July 1943)

SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Polizei Hans Schwedler (17 October 1878 - 2 May 1945)



SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Polizei Wilhelm Starck (20 May 1891 - 21 February 1968)

Source :

Tuesday, August 17, 2021

Bio of General der Flieger / Artillerie Leonhard Kaupisch


Born: 01 Sep 1878 in Bitterfeld
Died: 26 Sep 1945 in Weimar

Fähnrich (08 Oct 1898); Leutnant (18 Aug 1899); Oberleutnant (17 Sep 1909); Hauptmann (22 Mar 1909); Major (16 Sep 1917); Oberstleutnant (05 Feb 1923); Oberst (01 Feb 1927); Generalmajor (01 Nov 1930); Generalleutnant (01 Mar 1932); General der Flieger (01 Dec 1935); umernannt zum General der Artillerie z.V. (01 Sep 1940)

Entered the Army as Fahnenjunker and Company-Officer in the 6th Foot-Artillery-Regiment (18 Mar 1898-31 Mar 1911)
Detached to the Artillery and Engineer School (01 Oct 1901-30 Sep 1903)
Battalion-Adjutant in the 6th Foot-Artillery-Regiment (01 Oct 1903-30 Sep 1907)
Detached to the War Academy (01 Oct 1907-21 Jul 1910)
In the Grand General Staff (01 Apr 1911-26 Jan 1914)
Chief Supply Officer (Ib) in the General-Staff of the XI. Army-Corps (27 Jan 1914-10 Feb 1915)
Chief Of Operations (Ia) in the General-Staff of the 79th Reserve-Division (11 Feb 1915-22 Oct 1916)
At the same time, Delegated with the Leadership of the II. Battalion of the 66th Field-Artillery-Regiment (03 Oct 1915-15 Nov 1915)
With the General-Staff of the 8th Army (23 Oct 1916-12 Jul 1917)
With the General-Staff of Special-Purpose-General-Command 56 (13 Jul 1917-15 Jan 1918)
At the same time, Chief Of Staff of Section-Command Duschky (22 Jul 1917-12 Dec 1917)
Chief Of Operations (Ia) in the General-Staff of the XI. Army-Corps (16 Jan 1918-16 Sep 1918)
Chief Of Operations (Ia) in the General-Staff of the XIV. Reserve-Corps (17 Sep 1918-01 Jan 1919)
Detached to the General-Staff of the XI. Reserve-Corps (02 Jan 1919-30 Sep 1919)
With the Staff of Group-Command 2, Kassel (01 Oct 1919-31 Jan 1923)
With the Staff of the I. Battalion of the 7th Artillery-Regiment (01 Feb 1923-30 Nov 1923)
Commander of the I. Battalion of the 7th Artillery-Regiment (01 Dec 1923-31 Mar 1926)
Course-Leader at the Artillery-School Jüterbog (01 Apr 1926-31 Oct 1927)
Chief Of Staff of the 2nd Division (01 Nov 1927-31 Jan 1930)
Artillery-Leader V (01 Feb 1930-30 Sep 1932)
Retired (30 Sep 1932)
Entered Luftwaffe Service as President of the Higher Air Office Berlin (01 Apr 1934-28 Feb 1935)
Commander in Air-District II, Berlin (01 Mar 1935-31 Mar 1938)
Retired (31 Mar 1938)
Placed to the Disposal of the Army with Military-District-Command III (01 Jan 1939-25 Aug 1939)
Commander of Border-Protection-Command 1 (Corps Kaupisch) (26 Aug 1939-24 Oct 1939)
Commanding General of the XXXI. Army-Corps (25 Oct 1939-09 Apr 1942)
At the same time, Military-Commander Denmark (09 Apr 1940-31 May 1940)
Führer-Reserve OKH (10 Apr 1941-30 Sep 1942)
Retired (30 Sep 1942)

Decorations & Awards:
• Prussian Red Eagle Order, 4th Class
• Prussian Crown Order, 4th Class
• Prussian Royal Hohenzollern House Order, Knight’s Cross with Swords
• Prussian Iron Cross, 1st Class (1914)
• Prussian Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914)
• Saxon Albert Order, Knight 2nd Class
• Württemberg Friedrich Order, Knight 1st Class with Swords
• Hamburg Hanseatic Cross
• Bremen Hanseatic Cross
• Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach House Order of Vigilance or the White Falcon, Knight 2nd Class with Swords
• Saxe-Ernestine Ducal House Order, Knight 1st Class with Swords
• Reuß Honor Cross, 3rd Class with Crown and Swords
• Lippe War Merit Cross
• Prussian Officers’ Long Service Cross (Not authorized for wear after the establishment of the Third Reich-era Armed Forces Long Service Awards on 16 March 1936.)
• Cross of Honor for Combatants 1914-1918
• Armed Forces Long Service Award, 1st Class (25-year Service Cross)
• Armed Forces Long Service Award, 3rd Class (12-year Service Medal)
• Austrian Military Merit Cross, 3rd Class with War Decoration


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Monday, August 16, 2021

Bio of General der Infanterie Walter Buhle

Walter Buhle (26 October 1894 – 28 December 1959) was born in Heilbronn, Wuerttemberg, on October 26, 1894. He joined the Imperial Army as a Fahnenjunker on July 10, 1913, received his commission in August 1914 (just as World War I broke out), and served mainly with the Wuerttemberger 124th Infantry Regiment (27th Infantry Division) in Lorraine and the 122nd Fusilier Regiment (26th Infantry Division) on the Eastern Front. Severely wounded in June 1915, he recovered, underwent mortar training, and served with a mortar battalion for the rest of the war. After serving as a signals officer with the Reichsheer’s 13th Infantry Regiment at Ludwigsburg, Wuerttemberg (1921), he transferred to the Wuerttemberger 18th Cavalry Regiment, where he began his General Staff training. After attending the College for Politics in Berlin (1925–1926), Buhle worked in the Defense Ministry and Group Command 1 in Berlin (1926–1930). Promoted to captain in 1926, he commanded a company in the 13th Infantry Regiment from 1930 to late 1932, when he returned to the Defense Ministry and was assigned to the Organizations Department (T-2). Promoted to major in 1933 and lieutenant colonel in 1936, he commanded II/87th Infantry Regiment, a former provincial police unit in Aschaffenburg, northwest Bavaria, from October 1936 to October 1937. He was Ia of Wehrkreis V at Stuttgart from October 1937 to November 1938, when he was posted to the army General Staff. He was promoted to full colonel in early 1939 and, in recognition of his knowledge and technical expertise in the field of armaments, he was named head of the Organizations Section of OKH five days before World War II began. A convinced Nazi, Buhle was rewarded for his loyalty and hard work by promotion to major general in 1940 and to lieutenant general in 1942.

Buhle was given greater responsibility when he was assigned to the post of chief of the army staff at OKW in January 1942. He was disliked by other generals, for he meddled in everything and was a trusted informant for Hitler. General Warlimont noticed his personality flaws and wrote that Buhle bypassed Keitel (the chief of OKW and his direct superior) and established a direct, personal relationship with Hitler.

Buhle’s isolation at Fuehrer Headquarters, along with his propensity for offering a view on all matters (his “meddling”) was apparent at a Fuehrer conference on July 25, 1943. The conference centered on the Italian situation, which had deteriorated, as Mussolini had been removed from power the previous day, and the German situation in the Mediterranean was potentially desperate. Hitler was discussing the situation with Jodl and Keitel when Buhle interjected that Italy must be given top priority for all transport vehicles. He even insisted that everything on the assembly line or on the way to the East should be sent to the German troops in the Rome area. He made this recommendation at a time when army groups Center and South were fighting the largest armored battle in history at Kursk and needed all the vehicles they could possibly get to supply and reinforce their regiments.

Buhle, in charge of army transport, fumed at the generals who always demanded more and, Buhle believed, interfered with his allocation plans. In December 1943, for example, Buhle complained during a Fuehrer briefing that he could assure that there would be adequate tank battalions in the West, provided no one took them away. “No sooner have I got something together,” he went on, “than it’s gone.” Hitler angrily asked if Buhle was referring to him, which of course he was not. His remark was aimed at Colonel General Kurt Zeitzler, who had replaced Halder as the chief of OKH in September 1942.

This type of criticism of OKH by Buhle and others contributed to Hitler’s declining confidence in General Zeitzler. On the other hand, Hitler demonstrated his faith in Buhle by promoting him to general of infantry on April 1, 1944. The Fuehrer wanted to make him chief of the General Staff in place of Zeitzler later that year; however, Buhle was severely wounded by the July 20 explosion at Hitler’s headquarters and was in the hospital for some time. He did not fully recover for weeks after that. Ironically enough, the would-be assassin was Colonel Count Claus von Stauffenberg, a talented General Staff officer who had been one of Buhle’s principal assistants in the Organizations Branch from 1940 to 1942. After some initial friction the two had worked well together, although the aristocratic Stauffenberg commented at the time that Buhle was “not altogether” a gentleman.

In January 1945, Hitler chose Buhle to replace Emil von Leeb as head of the Army Weapons Office (i.e., chief of armaments for the army). Buhle did his best to supply the German field forces, but the combination of Allied bombing and lack of labor made his task nearly impossible. Nonetheless, he gave it his best effort. It is interesting to note that it was Buhle who by chance found Admiral Wilhelm Canaris’s diaries, which clearly indicated that the former chief of the Abwehr had been in contact with the anti-Hitler conspirators of July 20. Ever the pro-Hitler informer, Buhle handed the evidence over to the Gestapo. As a result the admiral was stripped naked, taken out, and hanged by the SS on April 9, 1945.

General Buhle survived the war and the subsequent trials. Released from Allied captivity in 1947, he retired to Stuttgart, where he died on December 28, 1959.

Source :
"Hitler's Commanders" by Samuel W. Mitcham, Jr. and Gene Mueller

Sunday, August 15, 2021

Adolf Heusinger Career Post World War II

An internee from 1945 to 1947, Adolf Heusinger (4 August 1897 – 30 November 1982) testified during the Nuremberg Trials.

In 1950, he became an advisor on military matters to Konrad Adenauer, the first Chancellor of West Germany. He served in the Blank Office Amt Blank, the office headed by Theodor Blank, which became the West German Ministry of Defense in 1955.

With the establishment of the West Germany Armed Forces Bundeswehr in 1955, Heusinger returned to military service. He was appointed a Generalleutnant (lieutenant general) on 12 November 1955, in the Bundeswehr and chairman of the Military Leadership Council (Militärischer Führungsrat).

In March 1957, he succeeded Hans Speidel as chief of the Bundeswehr's all-armed forces department (Chef der Abteilung Gesamtstreitkräfte).

Shortly thereafter, in June 1957, Heusinger was promoted to full general and named the first Inspector General of the Bundeswehr (Generalinspekteur der Bundeswehr), and served in that capacity until March 1961. In April 1961, he was appointed Chairman of the NATO Military Committee in Washington, D.C., where he served until 1964 when he retired. He was, according to news reports, wanted by the Soviet Union in the early 1960s for war crimes committed in the occupied Soviet territories.

Heusinger died in Cologne on 30 November 1982, aged 85.

According to documents released by the German Federal Intelligence Service in 2014, Heusinger may have been part of the Schnez-Truppe, a secret army that veterans of the Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS sought to establish in the early '50s.


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Thursday, August 12, 2021

Bio of Oberst Albrecht Czimatis (1897-1984)

Czimatis, Albrecht Adolf Heinrich Peter, Dr.-Ing., Dipl.-Ing.
*18.04.1897 in Kattowitz, Königreich Preußen
†22.12.1984 in Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Württemberg

Vater: Dr. Ludwig Czimatis, Geheimer- und Oberregierungsrat (RAO4, EK2w)
Mutter: Marie, geb. Richarz
Ehefrau: Maria Nora Cäcilia Ludowika, geb. Brendgen (05.01.1897-06.03.1943), verheiratet den 18.05.1921 in Breslau

01.03.1915 Gefreiter
06.06.1915 Unteroffizier
27.01.1916 Vizewachtmeister
31.05.1916 Leutnant der Reserve
10.04.1918 Leutnant, vorläufig ohne Patent
14.12.1918 Patent vom 24.03.1915 erhalten
01.07.1922 RDA vom 01.09.1915 (320) erhalten
31.07.1925 m.W.v. 01.04.1925 (273) Oberleutnant
01.08.1931 Hauptmann (2)
01.01.1936 Major mit RDA vom 01.12.1935 (64b)
01.01.1939 Oberstleutnant (70)
20.04.1939 anderweitiges RDA vom 01.01.1938 (65b) erhalten
01.12.1940 Oberst (31)

01.09.1914 als Kriegsfreiwilliger in das Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 6 eingetreten
23.02.1915 in das Reserve-Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 11 versetzt
14.10.1916 der II. Ersatz-Abteilung des Feldartillerie-Regiments Nr. 6 für Neuformation überwiesen
21.10.1916 in das Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 86 versetzt
09.11.1917 in das Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 40 versetzt
10.04.1918 als aktiver Leutnant im Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 40 angestellt
25.03.1919 zur Reichswehr übergetreten
19.05.1919 zur 2. Freiwilligen Batterie des Feldartillerie-Regiments Nr. 40 (Infanterie-Geschütz-Batterie Nr. 8)
03.10.1919 Adjutant der II. Abteilung des Reichswehr-Artillerie-Regiments 4
25.09.1920 Artillerie-Regiment 16 (infolge Umformierung)
31.12.1920 als Abteilungs-Adjutant im Artillerie-Regiment 4 in das Reichsheer übernommen
23.09.1924 ab 01.10.1924 zum Besuch der Technischen Hochschule in Dresden kommandiert
07.09.1928 Berechtigung zur Führung des Titels Dipl.-Ing.
27.02.1930-19.03.1931 zum Reichswehrministerium kommandiert
04.03.1930 Berechtigung zur Führung des Titels Dr.-Ing.
01.10.1931 Chef der 8. Batterie des 4. Artillerie-Regiments
01.10.1934 III. Abteilung des Artillerie-Regiments Dresden (laut Stellenbesetzung)
14.06.1935 m.W.v. 01.07.1935 in das Reichskriegsministerium (Wehrwirtschaftliche Abteilung) versetzt
17.11.1936 m.W.v. 01.10.1936 zu den Offizieren zur Verfügung des Oberbefehlshabers des Heeres (Sonst. Offz.) versetzt
24.05.1937 mit d. 01.06.1937 mit der Wahrnehmung der Geschäfte eines Abteilungschefs beauftragt
24.06.1937 mit d. 01.07.1937 zu den Offizieren zur Verfügung des Reichskriegsministers und Oberbefehlshabers der Wehrmacht versetzt
12.10.1937 zur Verfügung des Beauftragten für den Vierjahresplan (mit Wahrnehmung der Geschäfte eines Abteilungschefs beauftragt) (laut Stellenbesetzung)
14.06.1939 mit d. 01.07.1939 Kommandeur der III. Abteilung des Artillerie-Regiments 15
12.09.1939 mit d. 05.09.1939 Kommandeur des Artillerie-Regiments 96
10.11.1939 mit d. 01.11.1939 Kommandeur des Artillerie-Regiments 150
28.11.1940 mit d. 16.11.1940 zum Oberkommando des Heeres / Chef der Heeresrüstung und Befehlshaber des Ersatzheeres (Stab) kommandiert
18.03.1941 mit d. 15.02.1941 in das Oberkommando des Heeres / Chef der Heeresrüstung und Befehlshaber des Ersatzheeres (Stab) versetzt (Gruppenleiter Rüstung)
14.08.1941 mit d. 23.07.1941 Kommandeur des Artillerie-Regiments 83
04.01.1943 Führer der 305. Infanterie-Division
xx.xx.1943 bei Stalingrad in sowjetische Gefangschaft geraten

12.08.1916 Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse
26.09.1918 Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse
31.10.1918 Großherzoglich Badischer Orden vom Zähringer Löwen, Ritterkreuz 2. Klasse mit Schwertern
19.01.1935 Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer
02.10.1936 Wehrmacht (Heer) Dienstauszeichnung 4. bis 2. Klasse
xx.xx.19xx 1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuze 2. Klasse
xx.xx.19xx 1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuze 1. Klasse
02.07.1942 Deutsches Kreuz in Gold

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Saturday, August 7, 2021

Bio of Oberst Johann Hild

Oberstleutnant 01.08.34 HILD Johann (Stab Inf.Reg.76) Oberst (01.10.39)

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